Iran has declared that unless the US returns to its 2015 agreement negotiated by the Obama administration but discarded by Trump in 2018, it will not consider preconditions from a new Joe Biden administration over its nuclear program.
He then reimposed strict economic sanctions against Iran, targeting the country’s oil and financial sectors, after Trump scrapped the agreement.
Since then, Tehran has surpassed the limits of its nuclear activities laid down in the agreement, raising fears that it could use the program as a cover for the production of a nuclear weapon.
But the government of Iran insists that its nuclear aspirations are peaceful.
The Iran Nuclear Agreement signed by the US, the EU, Iran, China and Russia, was intended to verifiably curb the program in exchange for relief from sanctions.
Biden confirmed that when he takes over the White House in 2021, he will open talks with Iran.
“If Tehran returns to “strict compliance with the nuclear agreement,” he vowed to revive the Iran Nuclear Deal and lift sanctions.
But Iran’s foreign minister, Javad Zarif, dismissed Biden’s proposal, claiming that the US had its own “commitments” to be followed.
Mr. Zarif, speaking at a virtual conference hosted by Italy on Thursday, December 3, said the US was “in grave breach” of a UN resolution supporting the nuclear deal when it abandoned it, describing the Trump administration as a rogue regime”
“The United States must stop, the United States must cease its violations of international law,” he said. “It doesn’t require any negotiations.”
Mr. Zarif went on to say that the United States was not in a position to set conditions”
This week, Biden told the New York Times it was “going to be hard” but the last goddamn thing we need in that part of the world is a build-up of nuclear capability”
On Wednesday, December 2, Iran’s parliament passed a bill that would prohibit UN inspections of its nuclear sites and compel the government to start enriching uranium to 20 percent if sanctions were not eased within two months – well above the 3.67 percent agreed under the agreement.
Uranium enriched to a much higher degree can be used in a nuclear weapon, but it is technologically easier to meet the desired level of purity once 20 percent has been reached.
Last month, Iran had more than 12 times the amount of enriched uranium allowed under the Nuclear Deal Agreement, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reported.